As the nation reported the primary confirmed case of human demise attributable to avian influenza, AIIMS chief Dr Randeep Guleria on Wednesday mentioned that human-to-human transmission of the H5N1 virus could be very uncommon and there’s no must panic.
However, there’s a must do contact tracing and in addition take samples and search for any poultry deaths within the space from the place the kid who died because of the virus was residing, the AIIMS director instructed PTI.
A 12-year-old boy from Haryana, who was contaminated with the H5N1 virus, just lately died at AIIMS Delhi. The National Institute of Virology, Pune had confirmed the an infection, Dr Guelria mentioned.
“The transmission of the virus from birds to people is uncommon and sustained human-to-human transmission of the H5N1 virus has not but been established and subsequently there is no such thing as a must panic.
“But then folks working carefully with poultry should take precautionary measures and preserve correct private hygiene,” Dr Guleria mentioned.
Dr Neeraj Nischal, an affiliate professor within the Department of Medicine at AIIMS, mentioned avian influenza or chook flu is predominately a zoonosis, and there’s no proof of sustained human-to-human transmission up to now.
“Although few remoted household clusters have been reported, transmission in these clusters could have occurred via frequent publicity and in uncommon scenario a really shut bodily contact; there is no such thing as a proof of human-to-human transmission through small-particle aerosols,” he mentioned .
“Serologic surveys haven’t discovered proof of asymptomatic infections amongst contacts of lively circumstances and nosocomial transmission to healthcare employees has not been documented,” Dr Nischal mentioned.
“There isn’t any want to fret if one is consuming correctly cooked poultry merchandise. There isn’t any proof up to now that it may be unfold to folks via correctly cooked meals. The virus will get destroyed when the meals is cooked at excessive temperature. One ought to keep away from contact with contaminated poultry, particularly ailing or dying chickens,” he mentioned.
Dr Guleria mentioned previously when H5N1 avian flu influenza circumstances have been reported from poultry, culling of poultry in these areas which were finished to forestall the unfold of an infection and deal with it early.
The H5N1 is normally transmitted to poultry via migratory birds, he mentioned.
People who work in shut contact with poultry are at excessive danger of getting the an infection, Dr Guleria added.
An AIIMS supply had mentioned the 12-year-old boy was admitted to AIIMS on July 2 with pneumonia and leukaemia. He died on July 12. While present process therapy, exams for COVID-19 and influenza have been performed.
“His samples examined destructive for COVID-19. It got here out optimistic for influenza however was non-typable. It was despatched to National Institute of Virology, Pune, the place they confirmed it to be optimistic for H5N1 avian influenza,” the supply had mentioned .
Details of the case have been conveyed to the National Center for Disease Control (NCDC) and their group has began surveillance and get in touch with tracing and to see if there are any extra circumstances with comparable signs with whom the kid has are available in contact, sources mentioned.
Meanwhile, all workers at AIIMS who have been uncovered to the lifeless individual have been requested to watch themselves for any signs of flu and report back to the authorities instantly.
In January, some states like Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana and Chhattisgarh culled poultry birds after the illness was reported.
According to the WHO, virtually all circumstances of H5N1 an infection in folks have been related to shut contact with contaminated dwell or lifeless birds, or H5N1-contaminated environments.
Currently obtainable epidemiologic info suggests the virus doesn’t infect people simply, and unfold from individual to individual seems to be uncommon. When folks do grow to be contaminated, the mortality fee is about 60 per cent.
According to the World Health Organization poultry and poultry merchandise will be ready and consumed as ordinary, with no worry of buying an infection with the avian flu virus.
One ought to proceed to comply with good hygienic and cooking practices. The virus is destroyed at a temperature of 70 levels C for half-hour. After dealing with poultry and eggs, one ought to clear fingers and different uncovered components, it mentioned.